2014 ESC Guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of aortic diseases
In addition to coronary and peripheral artery diseases, aortic diseases contribute to the wide spectrum of arterial diseases: aortic aneurysms, acute aortic syndromes (AAS) including aortic dissection (AD), intramural haematoma (IMH), penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU) and traumatic aortic injury (TAI), pseudoaneurysm, aortic rupture, atherosclerotic and inflammatory affections, as well as genetic diseases (e.g. Marfan syndrome) and congenital abnormalities including the coarctation of the aorta (CoA).
Similarly to other arterial diseases, aortic diseases may be diagnosed after a long period of subclinical development or they may have an acute presentation. Acute aortic syndrome is often the first sign of the disease, which needs rapid diagnosis and decisionmaking to reduce the extremely poor prognosis.
These Guidelines are the result of a close collaboration between physicians from many different areas of expertise: cardiology, radiology, cardiac and vascular surgery, and genetics. We have worked together with the aim of providing the medical community with a guide for rapid diagnosis and decision-making in aortic diseases.
Guidelines er godkendt af DCS 8. januar 2015. Hvor der er kommentarer, afvigende dansk tradition samt forslag til forbedringer, er bemærkningerne knyttet til et nummer og en sidehenvisning.